Etheostoma exile (Girard, 1859)
member of the Perch Family (Percidae)
Stream name, County, State day month year
In a Name?
Do They Live?
The Iowa darter is another colorful darter that can be found throughout Minnesota, but it is most common in the waters of central and northern Minnesota. Unlike most darters, Iowa darters prefer still or slow-moving water. The medium to small lakes, bog ponds, streams, and slow rivers that they live in tend to have clear to moderately turbid (cloudy) waters with plenty of submerged aquatic plants and algae. Iowa darters often live with blackchin shiners, northern redbelly dace, creek chubs, bluntnose minnows and sometimes Johnny darters.
Big Do They Get?
Do They Eat?
In lakes and ponds Iowa darters eat mostly copepods, waterfleas of various sorts, and midge larvae. As they grow they add sideswimmers and larger midge larvae. In streams and rivers Iowa darters eat mostly midge and mayfly larvae.
Do They Reproduce?
Permission is granted for the non-commercial educational or scientific use of the text and images on this Web document. Please credit the author or authors listed below.
Photographs by Konrad P. Schmidt
Text by Nicole Paulson & Jay T. Hatch in cooperation with
the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources' MinnAqua Aquatic Program
This page developed with funds from the
MinnAqua Program (Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Fisheries)
Sport Fish Restoration Program (Fish and Wildlife Service, US Department of the Interior)
Maintained by Jay T. Hatch
General College and James Ford Bell Museum of Natural History
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis/St. Paul
Last updated 23 October 2002